The National Curriculum sets out what all maintained state schools are required to teach and the level of achievement pupils are expected to reach. The information below details the key areas of learning that children will develop in reading as they move throughout the school.

Reading Progression KS1 & KS2

Key Objectives Reading Key Stage 1 and 2


At Westbury Park we follow Phonics Play planning, which meets the statutory requirements of the curriculum and provides a clear progression. Rigorous and systematic teaching of phonics with on-going assessment supports reading and writing and provides children with a firm foundation on which to build. Our aim is that all children will have a sound knowledge and understanding of phonics by the end of Key Stage 1. Some, however, will need continued support in Key Stage 2.


The information below details the key areas of learning in writing in Key Stage 1 and 2.


Writing Progression KS1 & KS2

Writing Key Objectives


Children are taught pre-cursive letters in Reception within the context of a multi-sensory approach to phonic tuition. They begin to learn cursive handwriting from the summer term in Reception with the expectation that they are consistently joining by the beginning of Year 2. There is evidence that writing fluency helps with spelling fluency and continuous cursive script is recommended by the British Dyslexia Association.


Please click on the documents below to see an example of pre-cursive handwriting:


Pre-cursive handwriting


The writing progression pdf gives an overview of the spelling objectives for each year group but for much more detailed information click on the link below. The ‘spelling progression’ pdf document also includes the statutory spelling lists for Years 3-6.


In addition, there is guide for parents and carers to support spelling at home with an overview of the key strategies used to support spelling and a selection of activities which you might like to try with your child.  Recommended websites with online spelling games are listed at the end of the booklet. 


Spelling progression document

Spelling Guidance for Parents

75 Fun Ways to Practise and Learn Spelling Words - Foundation and KS1


Nessy Reading & Spelling is an internet-based program developed by a team of specialist teachers and psychologists. Developed for students 5-12 years of age with reading differences such as dyslexia, Nessy is a powerful teaching tool for all students, including English as a second language learners.

100 independent learning lessons spread over ten engaging islands employ an intensive, multisensory, and sequential method of instruction based on the highly respected and researched Orton-Gillingham approach to reading & spelling. Lessons emphasise phonemic awareness, phonics, blending, sight words, fluency, spelling, vocabulary and comprehension. Each island consists of a series of lessons composed of strategy videos reinforced with games which teach fundamental reading & spelling skills.

Suggested Reading Lists

One of the most important skills a child can acquire is the ability to read independently and for meaning. Books are the stepping stones of imagination and our aim is to instil in your child a love of books and a passion for the written word.


The following suggestions are by no means exhaustive and indeed barely scratch the surface of the wealth of good literature available on the market.   We hope, however, that they may prove a useful guide when deciding on a book to buy or when you visit the library with your child. 


The reading lists have been organised by year group and are followed by recommended books selected by the Love4Reading website; these are by no means prescriptive as, of course, not all children will be reading in line with their chronological age. The reading lists for Years 4-6 contain some older titles and may well be less familiar. They are, nevertheless, from authors with a proven track record in writing high quality literature and we hope that you may discover a gem among them which becomes a firm favourite with your child.


Happy reading.


“There is more treasure in books than in the entire pirate's

loot on Treasure Island.”  - Walt Disney


http://www.lovereading4schools.co.uk/ is a useful website to access suggestions for reluctant readers and dyslexia friendly books.

Suggested reading list by ages

Suggested reading lists by age - dyslexia friendly books

 Grammar & Punctuation

The new National Curriculum includes explicit grammar teaching for all children from Year 1-6. The statutory requirements that will be taught in each year group are outlined in the grammar progression document below.  Please also see the attached glossary for explanations of these and other common grammatical terms.


Grammar and Punctuation Progression Years 1 to 6

Glossary of Grammatical Terms


The following guides are a useful tool to help your child with the grammar and punctuation aspects of the English curriculum. There are suggestions of a variety of activities and games that you can do at home. There is a booklet for each phase of the primary curriculum with objectives that most children should be able to achieve by the end of each year.  A list of websites for online games and activities is provided at the end of each booklet.


Grammar Support Booklet Yrs 1 and 2

Grammar Support Booklet Yrs 3 and 4

Grammar Support Booklet Yrs 5 and 6


Grammar and Punctuation Evening Presentation Slides


Thousands of schools up and down the country use Rapid to help their struggling and disadvantaged children with SEN catch up in reading - and the results speak for themselves. An independent study by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) told us that children using Rapid Reading make more than twice the normal rate of progress in reading. And a trial in Worcestershire found children quadrupled their expected reading progress!